In some of the verses in these areas, what is really being talked about may not be so obvious to "casual" readers.
Like always, it's important to remember who the letters are written to, and what their society was like at those times, instead of clipping out certain words and applying it to your modern country and society. If you do something like that, then of course misconceptions are to follow.
Quick Answer: The subject at Romans 14:1 and some other similar areas from Paul is nothing about if it's okay to eat unclean animals or not.
It's about faith and knowledge, and food that was or may have been sacrificed to idols.
The weak person being mentioned was one weak in faith, they were struggling to understand that the pagan idols that were abundant in their countries were nothing. Also Paul is telling us to not cause someone else to stumble with our strong faith and our knowledge that YHWH is the only true Elohim and the many idols in the pagan societies were nothing.
In some places from Paul, he speaks about eating meat that had been sacrificed to idols, and he talks about the varying levels of faith among the people, some being weak in faith and not fully realizing the idols were nothing.
Modern people are taking some of the things he says about that stuff out of context, and they're not putting all of the writings together to help give more details of what he meant.
English translations can also be to blame for making it not so obvious to casual readers.
These misunderstood areas give quite a few misconceptions and false sayings.
Some of the false teachings from this are that you can eat anything including unclean beasts, some may think it's saying vegetarians are weak and thus we should eat meat, also to not judge someone else or rebuke them for anything they're doing, that you can do anything you want, and so on.
Romans 14:1 "Receive one who is weak in the faith, but not to disputes over doubtful things. For one believes he may eat all things, but he who is weak eats only vegetables. Let not him who eats despise him who does not eat, and let not him who does not eat judge him who eats, for Elohim has received him."
If you just view this text, and nothing else, then you may not be certain what is being talked about by Paul.
This verse is about meat sacrificed to idols, and it becomes apparent when you take the time to read all that Paul said.
We can also see the context of Romans 14 better from the Greek text. At Romans 14:21, there is a mistranslation that masks the fact that flesh of an animal sacrificed to idols is being talked about by Paul.
The Greek G2907 is used on the Greek text which means flesh of a sacrificed animal, but the English Bibles only say "meat", not bothering to tell you what sort of meat.
Romans 14:21 "It is good neither to eat the meat of a sacrificed animal, nor drink wine, nor do anything by which your brother stumbles or is offended or is made weak"
If they had translated the word correctly, you would much more easily realize it's about flesh from an animal sacrificed to a heathen idol.
Here is the proof from a Greek dictionary showing the meaning of the word. This will also show you all of the places this word is used;
Here it mentions "In what he approves". YHWH does not approve of eating unclean flesh, he told us not to eat it, and he does not change or repent!;
Romans 14:22 "Do you have faith? Have it to yourself before YHWH. Happy is he who does not condemn himself in what he approves. But he who doubts is condemned if he eats, because he does not eat from faith; for whatever is not from faith is sin."
We can also get help in understanding the context better from
1 Corinthians 8.
Here Paul is saying the exact same thing with more details.
(This is another example of the importance of reading in full!)
1 Corinthians 8:1 "Now concerning things offered to idols, We know that we all have knowledge. Knowledge puffs up, but love edifies. And if anyone thinks that he knows anything, he knows nothing yet as he ought to know. But if anyone loves Elohim, this one is known by Him. Therefore concerning the eating of things offered to idols, we know that an idol is nothing in the world, and that there is no other Elohim but one. For even if there are so-called elohim, whether in the heavens or on the earth (as there are many elohim and many lords), yet for us there is one Elohim, the Father, of whom are all things, and we for Him, and one Lord, Yahushua Messiah, through whom are all things, and through whom we live.
However, that knowledge is not in everyone, for some, with consciousness of the idol, until now eat it as a thing offered to an idol, and their conscience, being weak, is defiled.
But food does not commend us to Elohim, for neither if we eat are we the better, nor if we do not eat are we the worse.
But beware lest somehow this liberty of yours become a stumbling block to those who are weak"
1 Corinthians 8:10 "For if anyone sees you who have knowledge, eating in an idol's temple, will not the conscience of him who is weak be emboldened to eat those things offered to idols?
And because of your knowledge shall the weak brother perish, for whom Messiah died? But when you thus sin against the brethren, and wound their weak conscience, you sin against Messiah. Therefore, if food makes my brother stumble, I will never again eat the meat of a sacrificed animal, lest I make my brother stumble."
This was the other spot usually mistranslated, but I restored it.
See how clear it is that Paul is on the subject of faith, and not on the subject of people obeying clean and unclean laws!;
1 Corinthians 8:13 "Therefore, if food makes my brother stumble, I will never again eat the meat of a sacrificed animal, lest I make my brother stumble"
As a side note, Paul may mention "food" in these verses.
Unclean beasts are not "food"! Jews don't consider that "food".
While the heathen may not understand and visualize unclean flesh when they hear the word "food", To an obedient Jew, unclean meat is on an even lesser level than dung.
There is also another section from Paul talking about this subject, and it also helps improve our understanding of what he is talking about when we put everything together;
1 Corinthians 10:25 "Eat whatever is sold in the meat market, asking no questions for conscience' sake, for the earth is YHWH's and all it's fullness. If any of those who do not believe invites you to dinner, and you desire to go, eat whatever is set before you, asking no question for conscience' sake.
Now, the very next verse also indicates more of how this is about idols!;
1 Corinthians 10:28 "But if anyone says to you, this was offered to idols, do not eat it, for the sake of the one who told you, and for conscience' sake, for the earth is YHWH's and all it's fullness"
False teachers make claims that Paul in these areas is rebuking Law keepers, and rebuking those who want to return to keeping YHWH's Law, and that we should eat unclean beasts, but it's very obvious that such claims are nowhere in what Paul is even talking about.
2 Peter 3:15 "Even as our beloved brother Paul also according to the wisdom given unto him has written to you, as also in all of his letters, speaking in them of these things which are some hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable twist as they do also the other scriptures to their own destruction.
You therefore beloved seeing you know these things before hand, beware for fear you also are led away with the error of the lawless and fall from your own steadfastness"
1 John 3:4 "Whoever commits sin breaks also the Law, for sin is the breaking of the Law"
Romans 6:1 "What shall we say then? Shall we persist in sin that grace may abound? By no means!"
Romans 3:31 "Do we then abolish the Law by this faith? Of course not! Instead, we uphold the Law"
Matthew 5:19 "Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments and shall teach others to do the same, shall be called the least in the kingdom of the heavens, but whosoever shall do and teach them the same, shall be called great in the kingdom of the heavens"
Hebrews 10:26 "For if we go on sinning deliberately after receiving the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins"
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